October 23rd Events

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October 23rd, 4004 (October 23 4004)EventCreation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher
October 23rd, 2042 (October 23 2042)EventRoman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of PhilippiBrutus s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.
October 23rd, 2004 (October 23 2004)EventA powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.
October 23rd, 2002 (October 23 2002)EventMoscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
October 23rd, 2001 (October 23 2001)EventThe Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks.
October 23rd, 2001 (October 23 2001)EventApple releases the iPod.
October 23rd, 1998 (October 23 1998)EventIsraeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement.Yasser Arafat Quotes
October 23rd, 1992 (October 23 1992)EventEmperor Akihito becomes the first Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil.
October 23rd, 1989 (October 23 1989)EventThe Hungarian Republic is officially declared by president Matyas Szuros, replacing the communist Hungarian People s Republic.
October 23rd, 1989 (October 23 1989)EventPhillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas killed 23 and injured 314.
October 23rd, 1983 (October 23 1983)EventLebanon Civil War: The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut is hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. Marines. A French army barracks in Lebanon is also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
October 23rd, 1973 (October 23 1973)EventThe Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations about the scandal.
October 23rd, 1973 (October 23 1973)EventA United Nations sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.
October 23rd, 1965 (October 23 1965)EventVietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launch a new operation, seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).
October 23rd, 1958 (October 23 1958)EventThe Springhill Mine BumpAn underground earthquake traps 174 miners in the No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, the deepest coal mine in North America at the time. By November 1, rescuers from around the world had dug out 100 of the victims, marking the death toll at 74.
October 23rd, 1956 (October 23 1956)EventThousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
October 23rd, 1946 (October 23 1946)EventThe United Nations General Assembly convened for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
October 23rd, 1944 (October 23 1944)EventWorld War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf beginsThe largest naval battle in history begins in the Philippines; and also, the Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
October 23rd, 1942 (October 23 1942)EventWorld War II: The Second Battle of El Alamein startsAt El Alamein in northern Egypt, the British Eighth Army under Field Marshal Montgomery begin a critical offensive to expel the Axis armies from Egypt, never to return.
October 23rd, 1942 (October 23 1942)EventAll 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom", "Blue Hawaii").
October 23rd, 1942 (October 23 1942)EventThe Battle for Henderson Field begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on October 26.
October 23rd, 1941 (October 23 1941)EventWorld War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations designed to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the German armies from capturing Moscow.Georgy Zhukov Quotes
October 23rd, 1941 (October 23 1941)EventBurning of the Odessa, Ukraine, Jews: 19,000 Jews are burned alive at Dalnik in Odessa, by Romanian and German troops. The next day, another 10,000 Jews are killedied in Romanian Lieutenant-Colonel Nicolae Deleanu administered the executions.
October 23rd, 1935 (October 23 1935)EventDutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.
October 23rd, 1930 (October 23 1930)EventThe first miniature golf tournament was completed in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
October 23rd, 1929 (October 23 1929)EventGreat Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic.
October 23rd, 1929 (October 23 1929)EventThe first North American transcontinental air service begins between New York City and Los Angeles, California.
October 23rd, 1917 (October 23 1917)EventLenin calls for the October Revolution.
October 23rd, 1915 (October 23 1915)EventWoman s suffrage: In New York City, 25,000-33,000 women march on Fifth Avenue to advocate their right to vote.
October 23rd, 1912 (October 23 1912)EventFirst Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
October 23rd, 1911 (October 23 1911)EventFirst use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
October 23rd, 1906 (October 23 1906)EventAlberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
October 23rd, 1870 (October 23 1870)EventFranco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz concludes with a decisive Prussian victory.
October 23rd, 1867 (October 23 1867)Event72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
October 23rd, 1864 (October 23 1864)EventAmerican Civil War: Battle of WestportUnion forces under General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate troops led by General Sterling Price at Westport, near Kansas City.
October 23rd, 1861 (October 23 1861)EventU.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases.Abraham Lincoln Quotes
October 23rd, 1855 (October 23 1855)EventKansas Free State forces set up a competing government under their Topeka, Kansas, constitution, which outlaws slavery in the United States territory.
October 23rd, 1813 (October 23 1813)EventThe Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).
October 23rd, 1812 (October 23 1812)EventClaude Francois de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he was now the commandant of Paris. De Malet is executed on October 29.Napoleon Bonaparte Quotes
October 23rd, 1739 (October 23 1739)EventWar of Jenkins Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
October 23rd, 1707 (October 23 1707)EventThe first Parliament of Great Britain, i.e., the United Kingdom, meets.
October 23rd, 1694 (October 23 1694)EventAmerican colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec.
October 23rd, 1642 (October 23 1642)EventBattle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
October 23rd, 1641 (October 23 1641)EventOutbreak of the Irish Rebellion of anniversary commemorated by Irish Protestants for over 200 years.
October 23rd, 1157 (October 23 1157)EventThe Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
October 23rd, 1086 (October 23 1086)EventAt the Battle of az-Zallaqah, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI.
October 23rd, 0502 (October 23 0502)EventThe Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
October 23rd, 0425 (October 23 0425)EventValentinian III is elevated as Roman Emperor, at the age of 6.

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